History of European classical furniture


European classical furniture generally refers to antique replicas of furniture and decoration that change the style, connotation and standard of everyday life in the historical period from the 17th to the 19th century. This kind of home has its characteristics of excellence: solid wood as a material, both good hardness and considerable flexibility. It can be engraved with delicate patterns without cracking and can be used for more than a few decades. Using hand-made production, the strong cultural atmosphere makes it transcend the concept of “popular” and becomes a symbol of taste.

According to relevant records, the history of the development of European classical furniture is divided into five stages.

1. Renaissance

During the Renaissance, the patterns of furniture were mainly expressed in guilloche (hemp), egg shape, spear, beaded line and leaf ornament, floral ornament, etc.

Decorative theme: religion, history, fable story. The main materials for furniture: walnut, eucalyptus, oak, rosewood and so on.

Inlaid materials: Early bones, ivory and wood with different colors. The prevailing period was developed with precious materials such as polished marble, agate, enamel and gold and silver to create an Arabian-style floral ornament. Features: Symmetrical shape.

Mongolian fabric: leather with bright colors.

2. The Baroque period

Carved patterns: irregular pearl shell, mermaid, half-mermaid, sea god, seahorse, garland, scroll and so on.

Use: often use the human body statue as the supporting leg of the table, or the cross under the table.

Features: In addition to exquisite carving, gold foil veneer, gold-painted lacquer and thin wood parquet decoration are also very popular.

3. Rococo period

Features: feminine, swirling zigzag lines and sophisticated, slim.

Features: It is based on white, engraved with a beautiful curve on a white tone, gold-plated or painted gold, and finally a high-grade nitro to show the natural texture of the beautiful texture.

Decorative patterns: mainly lions, sheep, mosaics, leaf vines and spear patterns.

4. Neoclassicalism

Features: exquisite workmanship, refined and simple style

Features: The line is not based on the details of the details, with the right angle as the main body, the pursuit of the overall proportion of harmony and echo.

Decorative patterns: The main combination of rosettes, bouquets and ribbons, cups, etc. are tied with beautiful knots.

5. Victorian period

Characteristics: It is the representative of the chaotic style of the 19th century, which integrates historical furniture forms without distinction. The design tends to degrade. The components are heavy and the home has comfortable curves and rounded corners.

Features: After 1880, the furniture was made by machine using new materials and new technologies such as metal pipes, cast iron, curved wood, laminated wood. The chair is fitted with a coil spring and the decoration includes inlay, paint, gold plating, engraving and the like. Use mahogany, oak, green dragon wood, ebony and so on.

Patterns: Classical, Rococo, Gothic, Renaissance, Eastern Turkey, etc. are very mixed.

Sweeping: classical charm, wonderful

A, Italian furniture: the art of honor and luxury

As the birthplace of the Renaissance, Italy is also a hotbed of the creation and development of Renaissance furniture. For thousands of years, Italian furniture has been given an unparalleled charm under the long-standing cultural heritage.

Italian furniture is characterized by the emphasis on luxury, luxurious royal decoration, the use of curved surfaces, the pursuit of dynamic changes, and the decoration of gold on the surface of the furniture to express unlimited brilliance, showing wealth and ability.

The materials used in the furniture are very elegant. The materials are mostly from the wood picking wood, cherry wood and mountain eucalyptus produced in Italy. These materials can see the inner texture, tree knots and lining. After processing, the texture will be more obvious. Rich texture. Many woods are made in the field before being made into furniture, and they are used in the wild for more than a year before they are made. Therefore, cracks or deformations are extremely rare.

B, French furniture: as good as clothing

French furniture is known for its beautiful lines. With rich aristocratic court colors and rich in art. Emphasis on hand-carved and elegant vintage style.

Another feature of French furniture is the small black scratches on the surface of the so-called antique coating, which are specially made to imitate ancient furniture.

French furniture is known for its purity, simplicity and even simplicity. The color of the furniture is biased towards bright colors, with rice, yellow, white and wood being the most.

Some people call French furniture a sensible piece of furniture, because it is a furniture that fits perfectly into the aesthetics. For example, the sofa is not forgotten with tassel blankets. It is simply to use furniture as clothing, and French furniture is also like clothing. good looking.

C, Spanish furniture: the performer of romance and passion

Spanish furniture is characterized by warmth, enthusiasm, enthusiasm, realism and perfection.

The engraving decoration in the furniture is deeply influenced by the Gothic architecture, and the flame-style Gothic lattice is increasingly appearing on the furniture in the form of relief. The carvings are made up of various patterns based on the leaves, vines, flowers and gothic arches of the plants.

The shape of traditional Spanish furniture is basically straight, only the seat has some curves, and its simplicity is consistent with the Spanish residence at the time.

In the cabinets, there are often strange animal figures, spiral cylinders and other representative elements.

Appreciation: Miaoman of Baroque furniture

Baroque furniture utilizes a variety of curved surfaces and uses a wide variety of decorations for large-area engraving, gold foil veneering, gold-painting, and a large number of fabric coatings on sitting-class furniture.

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