Parents should look! Five points that your baby can't grow and develop


From the fall to the slogan, from toddler to lively, every step of the child's progress will surprise parents. But the novice parents seem to be always worried, is my baby developing normally? Is there any basis for reference? In this issue, we invite China Care for the Next Generation Work Committee Career Development Center early education expert Cai Jingkun to introduce you to the five major areas of infant development and the corresponding indicators for your reference.
Training points within one year of action
The child's movements develop large movements and fine movements, large movements refer to limb movements, and fine movements refer to finger movements and facial expression movements. The level of action development of infants and young children not only indicates the level of physical development of children, but also reflects the level of cognitive and intellectual development. From birth, the baby has a natural physical movement response. For example, the baby is erected under the abutment and the baby has a stepping reflex action. The child's limb movements developed rapidly in the first year of life. Can be roughly summarized as: "one turn, three turn, six sit, eight climb, ten stops, twelve walks", that is, one month will turn around, three months will turn over, six months will sit firmly, 8 I will learn to crawl in the month, stand alone for 10 months, support walking in 12 months, and walk completely 15 to 18 months.

When turning the head training, the parents can stand on the child's side, shake the toy with the ring to attract the baby's attention, the child will find the sound source to turn the neck; after 3 months, the exercise ability is further developed, with certain muscle movement, Not satisfied with lying on his back and wanting to turn over. At this point, the parent can attract the baby's attention on the other side, help adjust the leg position, let one leg rest on the other leg, or push it on the back to help him complete the turning movement; when practicing sitting, let the baby lie flat, mother You can stand in front of your feet, grab your arm, and gently pull it to the sitting position. Don't be too stubborn when you pull the hand. Slowly reduce the pulling force after the child can complete the sitting position. When learning to crawl, let the child prone and put both hands on the sides of the head. Parents shake the toy in front of them to tease the children to climb forward; after 10 months, parents should train their children from the support station to the step, you can first hold the baby's hand, let him stand up, or let him help Chairs play with toys, slowly leaning against walking, and eventually learn to walk independently.
Fine movements mainly include finger movements and expressions. The newborn has a grip reflection, but this is not his active behavior. Generally, at 3 to 5 months, he can take the initiative to grasp; 6~9 months, the child's fingers begin to divide, and learn to use three fingers to pinch; after 9 months, the index finger and thumb can also be pinched. The action of items (such as peanuts, beans). Parents can usually help children to grasp and pinch movements through items of different sizes, such as soup spoons, peanuts, red dates, building blocks, dolls, etc., to improve his movement sensitivity and cognitive ability.
Cognitive creation space
The child's cognitive ability develops along with his movements, language, and experience, analysis, and analysis of daily life. It includes exploring the world with senses such as touch, sight, hearing, smell, taste, and integrating with the brain. . Think, improve the intelligence of observation, logical thinking, mathematics and so on. Generally speaking, under the premise of being peaceful and appropriate, the more information stimulation of the outside world, the more the child's life experience, the stronger the cognitive ability. In addition to talking with the baby, parents should accompany him to play more, encourage him to interact with other children, and also give children more colorful colors, but avoid excessive light and dark stimulation, and more outdoor sports. Children are curious and sometimes use touch, even taste to perceive objects. Parents cannot swear. After the age of 2, the baby can take things and go to the toilet. He should also do some labor, such as cleaning the table, packing toys, washing hands and so on. These activities not only help children improve their cognition, but also exercise their ability to live, enhance stability and balance.
Language is the key period before the age of five
Before the age of 5, it is a key period for children to develop their language skills. Specifically, the baby is in the reserve stage of language expression before the age of one. At this time, family members, especially mothers, should use moderate words to communicate with the baby to create a harmonious and rich language environment; 2 years old is the stage of voice development, the baby can consciously call the father and mother, such as "ba, ma" and so on. At the same time, began to actively imitate the pronunciation of adults. A 2 year old baby can say 20~30 words. If the language develops well, he can say a complete single sentence, such as "I want to drink water" and "Don't do this". After 3 years old, the child's language ability develops rapidly, vocabulary If you increase to more than 1000, you will use the compound sentence (for example, I want to go out to play, but my mother let me go after dinner.) At the age of 4, the written language ability of the child who is sensitive to the written language is developed and expressed as a love story. Love to imitate and be good at memory. At this time, parents can tell the story more to the child and guide him to read the three-character scriptures, poems, tongue twisters, etc. After 5 years old, the child has been able to use the language flexibly, master the dialect, and become interested in the emotional color in the language. Parents can develop language skills by guiding their children to read more, role imitation, recitation, etc. At this time, the child's other words are also very interesting. In a different dialect, he will feel very interesting. When you speak with your child in different dialects, don't worry too much about dialects affecting your child's language learning.
Communication begins with sharing toys
Social development is the ability to teach babies to adapt to society and integrate into society. It includes psychological, emotional, personality, social, self-care and other abilities. From the very beginning, the child shows the need to interact with people. For example, when the baby is drinking milk, the mother talks to him, the child will look at the mother or laugh at her, this is the revealing of the parent-child relationship; the baby will be eight or nine months old. Use touch and grasp to show friendship. 2~6 years old is the key period for the growth of interpersonal communication. At this time, children love to play games with their small partners. Once the communication needs are met, they will be very happy. Generally, when you are 4 years old, you will have friends in a simple sense. If you are 5 years old, you will have a close partner. At 6 years old, you will have a certain independent social ability. In life, parents can properly develop their social skills. For example, a child of 2~3 years old can teach him to invite neighbors to come to play at home; children aged 4~5 can teach him to share toys and food with kindergarten friends, establish intimate relationships and make friends; for 5~6 years old The child can teach him to care and help the little friend. You can also consciously train your child through pets, housekeepers, etc., and let him learn from interpersonal communication from contact with the outside world.
Emotional parents should be good role models
Children's emotional emotions are an attitude reaction to external things, and also a kind of psychological activity, which is related to the formation of healthy personality. In general, babies will have a laughing expression within 43 days of birth. Children from 9 to 10 months will have more complex emotional expressions such as embarrassment, disappointment, anxiety, attachment, etc., but the survival of infants before the age of 1 depends entirely on the caregivers. The emotions are mainly expressed through crying. Therefore, parents should pay special attention to children. The needs, timely satisfaction, and give care, comfort, and cultivate his sense of security; children aged 1~2 can comprehend and learn to be angry, unhappy, happy and other emotional expression and emotional management in their daily communication with their parents. Pay more attention to each other and the way you communicate with your child, try to keep your mood and state of mind calm; children around the age of 3 face problems with kindergarten, which may cause separation anxiety. Parents can help him adjust his work as soon as possible, play with his little friends around, often tell the children to go to the kindergarten after the scene, help him to do psychological construction.
The five major areas of children are closely related, and any one field has a positive impact on the development of other fields. For example, language ability is the basis of social ability, fine action can promote cognitive ability, and big action has a decisive influence on self-care ability and social ability. Therefore, parents should pay attention to the balanced development of the baby's five major areas in life. Of course, different babies develop at different speeds. If there is not much difference, parents don't have to worry too much.
Sweep, pay attention to Chinese and foreign toy network micro signal (ctoy-gdta)
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